The conditions that hold problems in place are the same that hold solutions in place:
Policies and Structures: Explicit norms and expectations, like rules and policies, as well as required tools and processes that define and guide practice. Policies and structures signal what is expected, and set the stage for people to do things differently.
Culture: The under-the-surface set of beliefs, feelings, attitudes, and patterns of assumptions that show up in “how we do things here.” Culture includes relationships, habits, institutional reactions to context and events, history, narratives, how power manifests, and norms that signal belonging.
Practice: How practitioners carry out their craft and engage individuals, families or communities in change. Practice is also the application of an idea, guided by policy and structure, and reflects culture.
“Systemic transformation requires changing practice, structures, and culture in ways that will last.”
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